Wikinews interviews World Wide Web co-inventor Robert Cailliau

Thursday, August 16, 2007

The name Robert Cailliau may not ring a bell to the general public, but his invention is the reason why you are reading this: Dr. Cailliau together with his colleague Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web, making the internet accessible so it could grow from an academic tool to a mass communication medium. Last January Dr. Cailliau retired from CERN, the European particle physics lab where the WWW emerged.

Wikinews offered the engineer a virtual beer from his native country Belgium, and conducted an e-mail interview with him (which started about three weeks ago) about the history and the future of the web and his life and work.

Wikinews: At the start of this interview, we would like to offer you a fresh pint on a terrace, but since this is an e-mail interview, we will limit ourselves to a virtual beer, which you can enjoy here.

Robert Cailliau: Yes, I myself once (at the 2nd international WWW Conference, Chicago) said that there is no such thing as a virtual beer: people will still want to sit together. Anyway, here we go.

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Category:Science and technology

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Most all people enjoy spending time outdoors, but the sweltering heat of the summer sun can make it challenging to remain comfortable. While building an outdoor structure is an option that can make an outdoor space more pleasant, the cost associated with a project of this nature can be astronomical. Awnings in Orland Park are a great alternative, as they will provide shelter from the sun and rain, and can be installed for a price that won’t break the bank.

Home Preparation

The first step is to prepare the exterior of the home for installation of the support beams that are needed to hold the weight of the awning components. A technician will measure and mark where the support beams need to be located. They will then pre-drill the holes for the bolts that will hold the awning, which will ensure the device is installed in the correct location and that the bolts will be easy to start.

Support Bars And Awning Beams

Once the holes are drilled, the support bars will be secured to the house using the pre-drilled holes as a guide. Most contractors use aluminum bolts as they offer unparalleled strength and will not corrode due to exposure to outdoor elements such as rain. Once the supports are in place, they will then attach the Awnings Orland Park beams, which will serve as the framework for the installation of the awning cover.

Awning Cover Installation

The last step of the job is to place the awning cover over the support bars and beams. Once the Awnings in Orland Park is appropriately lined up, they will then use industrial velcro or plastic zip ties to secure it to the structure. As the awning is tightened onto the frame, it will begin to stretch, which will release any wrinkles that may have formed during shipment.

An awning allows anyone to enjoy the outdoors comfortably, and their affordability makes them a budget-friendly way to enhance an exterior area. The team at A Better Door & Window offers custom awning sales, installation, and repair services. Browse website to learn more about the full selection of awning products available and take the first step in making the most of any exterior living space.

CanadaVOTES: Liberal Dr. Eric Hoskins running in Haldimand—Norfolk

On October 14, 2008, Canadians will be heading to the polls for the federal election. Liberal candidate Dr. Eric Hoskins is standing for election in the riding of Haldimand—Norfolk.

Wikinews contacted Dr. Eric Hoskins, to talk about the issues facing Canadians, and what they and their party would do to address them. Wikinews is in the process of contacting every candidate, in every riding across the country, no matter their political stripe. All interviews are conducted over e-mail, and interviews are published unedited, allowing candidates to impart their full message to our readers, uninterrupted.

For more information, visit the campaign’s official website, listed below.

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Category:South Australia

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Barossa Valley, South Australia, a tourism and wine-producing area (Image: Phillip Capper)

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Saturn moon Enceladus may have salty ocean

Thursday, June 23, 2011

NASA’s Cassini–Huygens spacecraft has discovered evidence for a large-scale saltwater reservoir beneath the icy crust of Saturn’s moon Enceladus. The data came from the spacecraft’s direct analysis of salt-rich ice grains close to the jets ejected from the moon. The study has been published in this week’s edition of the journal Nature.

Data from Cassini’s cosmic dust analyzer show the grains expelled from fissures, known as tiger stripes, are relatively small and usually low in salt far away from the moon. Closer to the moon’s surface, Cassini found that relatively large grains rich with sodium and potassium dominate the plumes. The salt-rich particles have an “ocean-like” composition and indicate that most, if not all, of the expelled ice and water vapor comes from the evaporation of liquid salt-water. When water freezes, the salt is squeezed out, leaving pure water ice behind.

Cassini’s ultraviolet imaging spectrograph also recently obtained complementary results that support the presence of a subsurface ocean. A team of Cassini researchers led by Candice Hansen of the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Arizona, measured gas shooting out of distinct jets originating in the moon’s south polar region at five to eight times the speed of sound, several times faster than previously measured. These observations of distinct jets, from a 2010 flyby, are consistent with results showing a difference in composition of ice grains close to the moon’s surface and those that made it out to the E ring, the outermost ring that gets its material primarily from Enceladean jets. If the plumes emanated from ice, they should have very little salt in them.

“There currently is no plausible way to produce a steady outflow of salt-rich grains from solid ice across all the tiger stripes other than salt water under Enceladus’s icy surface,” said Frank Postberg, a Cassini team scientist at the University of Heidelberg in Germany.

The data suggests a layer of water between the moon’s rocky core and its icy mantle, possibly as deep as about 50 miles (80 kilometers) beneath the surface. As this water washes against the rocks, it dissolves salt compounds and rises through fractures in the overlying ice to form reserves nearer the surface. If the outermost layer cracks open, the decrease in pressure from these reserves to space causes a plume to shoot out. Roughly 400 pounds (200 kilograms) of water vapor is lost every second in the plumes, with smaller amounts being lost as ice grains. The team calculates the water reserves must have large evaporating surfaces, or they would freeze easily and stop the plumes.

“We imagine that between the ice and the ice core there is an ocean of depth and this is somehow connected to the surface reservoir,” added Postberg.

The Cassini mission discovered Enceladus’ water-vapor and ice jets in 2005. In 2009, scientists working with the cosmic dust analyzer examined some sodium salts found in ice grains of Saturn’s E ring but the link to subsurface salt water was not definitive. The new paper analyzes three Enceladus flybys in 2008 and 2009 with the same instrument, focusing on the composition of freshly ejected plume grains. In 2008, Cassini discovered a high “density of volatile gases, water vapor, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, as well as organic materials, some 20 times denser than expected” in geysers erupting from the moon. The icy particles hit the detector target at speeds between 15,000 and 39,000 MPH (23,000 and 63,000 KPH), vaporizing instantly. Electrical fields inside the cosmic dust analyzer separated the various constituents of the impact cloud.

“Enceladus has got warmth, water and organic chemicals, some of the essential building blocks needed for life,” said Dennis Matson in 2008, Cassini project scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

“This finding is a crucial new piece of evidence showing that environmental conditions favorable to the emergence of life can be sustained on icy bodies orbiting gas giant planets,” said Nicolas Altobelli, the European Space Agency’s project scientist for Cassini.

“If there is water in such an unexpected place, it leaves possibility for the rest of the universe,” said Postberg.

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Earth Friendly Raised Garden Beds

Eco-friendly Raised Garden Beds are the hot ticket item for this year’s spring planting season. Raised garden beds and planters are multi-functional and can be used for planting flower beds, vegetable gardens or shrubbery, landscape edging, playground borders and splinter-free sandboxes for kids.

These modular raised garden beds can be stacked on top of each other, to adjust the height as your garden blooms. Typically, raised beds are sold in 6″ high increments, and can be purchased in heights of 6″, 12″, and 24″. The width of raised beds should be limited to 2′ or 4′ widths, so they will be easy to maintain, without having to climb into beds.

The best elevated garden beds look like real wood grain but are made from earth-friendly recycled, composite plastic timbers. They are durable and long lasting, non-toxic (like arsenic-containing, pressure treated lumber), termite-free, and do not rot, warp, splinter or lose their wood grain finish like traditional timber.

There are a multitude of benefits to raised planters or raised garden beds including:

· Provides a beautiful frame for your garden

· Longer lengths may be used as landscape edging or playground borders

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· Can be used as a, or sandboxes

· Improves drainage

· Improves poor soil conditions by providing a deeper topsoil layer

· Adjusts in height, size & shape to accommodate plant growth

· Lawn mower and edger proof plant and flower beds

· Easy to install

When purchasing elevated or raised beds and planters, make sure they are made from eco-friendly recycled materials and include anchor joints for connecting plastic timbers. You may also need finishing sleeves for landscape edging kits.

After constructing your raised garden bed, and securing it into place, place a liner made from gardening plastic or weed mat in the bottom of bed; this greatly reduces the growth of weeds.

Next fill the liner 1/3 full with nutrient-rich compost (from your compost bin, we’ll talk about this later) then fill the rest with potting soil (store-bought or from another area of your landscape) and some dry organic fertilizer. Finally, you are ready to create your garden by sowing seeds or planting flowers, vegetable and plants starts.

Lastly, water your raised bed and don’t forget to water these beds frequently since there are above ground, and do not retain water as well.

If you are using the raised garden bed for a sandbox, it is best to place a gardening plastic liner in the bottom before filling with sand. Some raised garden beds are sold as sandboxes and come with covers for protection from the elements and from animals who think it’s a giant kitty litter box.

After you’ve created your very own eco-friendly, raised garden oasis, you can begin work on the composting and vermiculture.

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Please visit Composers.com for information regarding compost bin, rain barrel, vermiculture, worm bin, red worms, raised garden beds, reel and electric lawn mowers, etc.Author: Tiffany Rose

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The Onion: An interview with ‘America’s Finest News Source’

The Onion: An interview with ‘America’s Finest News Source’
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Sunday, November 25, 2007

Despite the hopes of many University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) students, The Onion was not named after their student center. “People always ask questions about where the name The Onion came from,” said President Sean Mills in an interview with David Shankbone, “and when I recently asked Tim Keck, who was one of the founders, he told me the name—I’ve never heard this story about ‘see you at the un-yun’—he said it was literally that his Uncle said he should call it The Onion when he saw him and Chris Johnson eating an onion sandwich. They had literally just cut up the onion and put it on bread.” According to Editorial Manager Chet Clem, their food budget was so low when they started the paper that they were down to white bread and onions.

Long before The Daily Show and The Colbert Report, Heck and Johnson envisioned a publication that would parody the news—and news reporting—when they were students at UW in 1988. Since its inception, The Onion has become a veritable news parody empire, with a print edition, a website that drew 5,000,000 unique visitors in the month of October, personal ads, a 24 hour news network, podcasts, and a recently launched world atlas called Our Dumb World. Al Gore and General Tommy Franks casually rattle off their favorite headlines (Gore’s was when The Onion reported he and Tipper were having the best sex of their lives after his 2000 Electoral College defeat). Many of their writers have gone on to wield great influence on Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert‘s news parody shows.

And we are sorry to break the news to all you amateur headline writers: your submissions do not even get read.

Below is David Shankbone’s interview with Chet Clem and Sean Mills about the news empire that has become The Onion.

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2008 COMPUTEX Taipei: Three awards, One target

2008 COMPUTEX Taipei: Three awards, One target
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Monday, June 23, 2008

2008 COMPUTEX Taipei, the largest trade fair since its inception in 1982, featured several seminars and forums, expansions on show spaces to TWTC Nangang, great transformations for theme pavilions, and WiMAX Taipei Expo, mainly promoted by Taipei Computer Association (TCA). Besides of ICT industry, “design” progressively became the critical factor for the future of the other industries. To promote innovative “Made In Taiwan” products, pavilions from “Best Choice of COMPUTEX”, “Taiwan Excellence Awards”, and newly-set “Design and Innovation (d & i) Award of COMPUTEX”, demonstrated the power of Taiwan’s designs in 2008 COMPUTEX Taipei.

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Green Energy Public Relations Help Convince People The Worlds Energy Crisis

Green energy public relations help convince people the worlds energy crisis


Kevin Waddel

The desire to go green is becoming increasingly prevalent in the modern age. People have grown tired of the slothful environmental practices of previous generations and they are fed up with them. They want to strike out on their own, and will do so by any means necessary. This means that many individuals are working hard to make the world a better and cleaner place, often to their own detriment, financially and socially. But the hippie stigma is slowly fading as a larger and larger portion of society realizes that drastic action has to be taken immediately in order to prevent an environmental catastrophe of epidemic proportions. People have to take action as soon as possible in order to combat, hundreds of years of inconsiderate and harmful environmental practices.

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This is why in the past fifty years or so, recycling has become standard practice. The human race simply cant afford to be wasteful. As garbage dumps become stuffed to the brim the with millions of tons of metric waste, and as the seas run black with oil, it becomes clear that the human race has reached a tipping point. The human race can either band together to fight environmental waste or can continue on a path to mutually assured destruction. This sad fact may be clear to scientists, environmentalists, and activists of all shapes and stripes, but it boggles the mind to think that a significant portion of the population still is unaware of the harm that they are causing the planet on a daily basis. Therefore, many tax exempt political action groups have begun considering entering the field of green energy public relations. By employing a green energy public relations strategy, political action groups can start to try changing peoples minds when it comes to using green energy. Green energy often gets a bad rap, often promoted by misinformation. Some people have a hard time believe that clean, efficient, and inexpensive energy like solar power can meet their power needs. But this could not be further from the truth. A vicious and slanderous public relations campaign funded by greedy energy companies has filled the public sphere with outright lies and half truths regarding green energy. This is the reason why many concerned environmentalists have thrown their hat in to the ring of green energy public relations, so to speak. These concerned citizens are worried that humans have started down a path and that they will not be able to turn around. But by using green energy public relations to their advantage, activists can start to change how people look at green energy solutions to the worlds power crisis. The good news is that green energy advocates have facts on their side. It stands to reason then that green energy public relations should be a breeze. By clearly and efficiently displaying the facts in an easy to understand manner, green energy advocates should be able to thwart decades of misinformation in a manner of seconds. So why is this the case? The sad truth is that people get stuck in habits and many of them fear change, making it difficult to change their actions, even if it is in their own best interests and in the interests of their children to do whatever they can to make the environment cleaner? This may boggle the mind, but it also serves to highlight how a green energy public relations firm can affect change and make the world a better place.

Kevin Waddel is a free lance writer. To get more information about Public relations, Public Relations New York, New York city public relations,

Green Energy Public Relations

, PR, NYC Public Relations Firms, Financial Services Relations in New York visit


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